MongoDB is a NoSQL database, developed by MongoDB Inc.


For this guide you should be familiar with the basic concepts of supervisord.


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Select the desired MongoDB version using:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ uberspace tools version use mongodb 4.4
Using 'MongoDB' version: '4.4'
Selected mongodb version 4.4
The new configuration is adapted immediately. Patch updates will be applied automatically.
[isabell@stardust ~]$


Create database folder

Create the folder ~/mongodb. Your databases will be stored there.

[isabell@stardust ~]$ mkdir ~/mongodb
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Setup daemon

Use your favourite editor to create the file ~/etc/services.d/mongodb.ini with the following content.

  --dbpath %(ENV_HOME)s/mongodb
  --unixSocketPrefix %(ENV_HOME)s/mongodb

After creating the configuration, tell supervisord to refresh its configuration and start the service:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ supervisorctl reread
SERVICE: available
[isabell@stardust ~]$ supervisorctl update
SERVICE: added process group
[isabell@stardust ~]$ supervisorctl status
SERVICE                            RUNNING   pid 26020, uptime 0:03:14
[isabell@stardust ~]$

If it’s not in state RUNNING, check your configuration.

Create root user

Choose a root password or generate a random one using this snippet:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ pwgen 32 1
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Create ~/mongodb/setup.js. Replace <username> with your Uberspace user name and <password> with the password you just chose or generated.

     user: "<username>_mongoroot",
     pwd: "<password>",
     roles: [ "root" ]

Use mongo (starting with version 6 it’s mongosh) to run setup.js.

[isabell@stardust ~]$ mongo admin ~/mongodb/setup.js
MongoDB shell version v4.4.3
connecting to: mongodb://
Implicit session: session { "id" : UUID("5309a64f-0c83-44a6-83d9-bdb347a94af0") }
MongoDB server version: 4.4.3
Successfully added user: { "user" : "mongodb_mongoroot", "roles" : [ "root" ] }
[isabell@stardust ~]$

.mongorc.js (optional)

To make CLI access using the mongo command easier, you can create a ~/.mongorc.js file. Every command in this file is executed whenever you run mongo, so to avoid having to enter your password every time, you can store an authentication command there. Replace <username> and <password> with your own values.

db = connect("mongodb://<username>_mongoroot:<password>@")

Now you can just run mongo to connect to your MongoDB instance:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ mongo
MongoDB shell version v4.4.3
connecting to: mongodb://
Implicit session: session { "id" : UUID("cb614de8-7748-4530-b4d4-d42f0e430424") }
MongoDB server version: 4.4.3
connecting to: mongodb://
Implicit session: session { "id" : UUID("2ec1cc81-3c00-45a9-9f1c-423f7f5d46be") }
MongoDB server version: 4.4.3
The server generated these startup warnings when booting:
       2020-10-28T22:49:35.811+01:00: /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled is 'always'. We suggest setting it to 'never'
       2020-10-28T22:49:35.811+01:00: /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag is 'always'. We suggest setting it to 'never'
       2020-10-28T22:49:35.811+01:00: Soft rlimits too low
       2020-10-28T22:49:35.811+01:00:         currentValue: 1024
       2020-10-28T22:49:35.811+01:00:         recommendedMinimum: 64000
       Enable MongoDB's free cloud-based monitoring service, which will then receive and display
       metrics about your deployment (disk utilization, CPU, operation statistics, etc).

       The monitoring data will be available on a MongoDB website with a unique URL accessible to you
       and anyone you share the URL with. MongoDB may use this information to make product
       improvements and to suggest MongoDB products and deployment options to you.

       To enable free monitoring, run the following command: db.enableFreeMonitoring()
       To permanently disable this reminder, run the following command: db.disableFreeMonitoring()


You can exit the shell by entering exit.

External access (optional)

If you want to use your Mongodb instance only from your Uberspace account you can skip this part. However, there are cases where you need to connect to your instance from external addresses - e.g. your home computer. You can access your MongoDB instance externally by opening a port and modifying the service config file. Whennever you open a service to the public internet it should be encrypted, we’ll take care of that in this example.

[isabell@stardust ~]$ uberspace port add
Port 43120 will be open for TCP and UDP traffic in a few minutes.
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Modify your ~/etc/services.d/mongodb.ini file. Replace the port number with the port that was opened by the previous command.

  --dbpath %(ENV_HOME)s/mongodb
  --port 43120
  --unixSocketPrefix %(ENV_HOME)s/mongodb
  --tlsMode requireTLS
  --sslPEMKeyFile %(ENV_HOME)s/mongodb/%(ENV_USER)

Create the .pem file with the certificate chain and restart the service:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ cat /readonly/$USER/certificates/$  /readonly/$USER/certificates/$ > /home/$USER/mongodb/$
[isabell@stardust ~]$ supervisorctl restart mongodb
[isabell@stardust ~]$

To ensure MongoDB uses the latest certificates, restart the service monthly, e.g. by creating a cron job via crontab -e.

@monthly cat /readonly/$USER/certificates/$ /readonly/$USER/certificates/$ > /home/$USER/mongodb/$ && supervisorctl restart mongodb > /dev/null

Access your instance via the following URI: mongodb://<username>_mongoroot:<password>@<username><port>/admin?tls=true


When a new version of MongoDB is released, use the uberspace tools version use command to update your installation. Afterwards, restart your instance.


You may need to perform additional steps to upgrade to the latest version. Please read the release notes before you begin.

Tested with MongoDB 4.4.3, MongoDB Tools 100.2.0, Uberspace

Written by: Nico Graf <>