Prosody

Prosody is a modern XMPP communication server. It aims to be easy to set up and configure, and efficient with system resources. Additionally, for developers it aims to be easy to extend and give a flexible system on which to rapidly develop added functionality, or prototype new protocols.

XMPP is an open and free alternative to commercial messaging and chat providers. Set it up for your company, organisation, or just your family and friends. You are in control, and your communication is private to you. Supporting a wide range of client software for desktop and mobile platforms, you can chat using Prosody from any device.


Note

For this guide you should be familiar with the basic concepts of

This guide is based on the initial pull request from fapsi.

License

Prosody is open source software under the permissive MIT/X11 license.

Prerequisites

Web domain

Note

Keep in mind that since you can’t create DNS records for .uber.space domains, you’ll need your own domain like isabell.org. To understand and setup the domains easier I use the following (recommended) subdomains:

  • xmpp.isabell.org

  • conference.isabell.org

  • upload.isabell.org

Your domain isabell.org and subdomains conference.isabell.org, upload.isabell.org and xmpp.isabell.org needs to be setup:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ uberspace web domain list
isabell.org
conference.isabell.org
upload.isabell.org
xmpp.isabell.org
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Uberspace creates certificates automagically when a domain is first seen by the webserver. Trigger the generation for each one with the following command:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ curl --silent --head https://isabell.org | head -n 1
[...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ curl --silent --head https://conference.isabell.org | head -n 1
[...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ curl --silent --head https://upload.isabell.org | head -n 1
[...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ curl --silent --head https://xmpp.isabell.org | head -n 1
[...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$

This will return HTTP/1.1 200 OK or something similiar accordingly your webserver configuration.

Ports

Note

You need to open ports for the following connections. For the next steps I use the highlighted shortcuts:

  • C2S: client to server

  • S2S: server to server

  • FILEUPLOAD: file upload over the module http_upload

To make the application accessible from the outside, open a port in the firewall:

[isabell@stardust ~] uberspace port add
Port 40132 will be open for TCP and UDP traffic in a few minutes.
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Configure DNS records

Your DNS needs to be setup with the following values:

name

ttl

class

type

priority

weight

port

target

isabell.org

3600

IN

A

35.195.215.42

isabell.org

3600

IN

AAAA

0:

conference.isabell.org

3600

IN

CNAME

isabell.org

upload.isabell.org

3600

IN

CNAME

isabell.org

xmpp.isabell.org

3600

IN

CNAME

isabell.org

_xmpp-client._tcp.isabell.org

18000

IN

SRV

0

5

C2S-PORT

xmpp.isabell.org

_xmpp-server._tcp.isabell.org

18000

IN

SRV

0

5

S2S-PORT

xmpp.isabell.org

_xmpp-server._tcp.conference.isabell.org

18000

IN

SRV

0

5

S2S-PORT

xmpp.isabell.org

Configure luarocks

Prosody is written in lua and has some runtime dependencies which we install with the package manager luarocks. In order to run the installed packages we have to adapt the path-variable in ~/.bash_profile:

PATH=$HOME/.luarocks/bin:$PATH

export PATH

Additionally we need to provide the paths LUA_PATH as well as LUA_CPATH and have to reload to use luarocks accordingly:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ echo 'eval "$(luarocks path)"' >> ~/.bash_profile
[isabell@stardust ~]$ source ~/.bash_profile
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Install runtime lua-dependencies

Note

We are using luaexpat in the version 1.3.0-1 due of an known issue with the newer versions.

The following dependencies (luasocket, luaexpat, luafilesystem and luasec) are required:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ luarocks install luasocket --local
luasocket [...] is now built and installed in [...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ luarocks install luaexpat 1.3.0-1 --local
luaexpat [...] is now built and installed in [...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ luarocks install luafilesystem --local
luafilesystem [...] is now built and installed in [...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ luarocks install luasec --local
luasec [...] is now built and installed in [...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Further optional ones (luadbi-mysql, luabitop and luaevent) can be installed with these commands:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ luarocks install luadbi-mysql --local MYSQL_BINDIR="/usr/bin" MYSQL_INCDIR="/usr/include/mysql" MYSQL_LIBDIR="/usr/lib64"
luadbi [...] is now built and installed in [...]
luadbi-mysql [...] is now built and installed in [...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ luarocks install luabitop --local
luabitop [...] is now built and installed in [...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ luarocks install luaevent --local
luaevent [...] is now built and installed in [...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Note

The variables *_BINDIR *__INCDIR and *_LIBDIR are necessary for correct linking the associated library because CentOS uses a different layout for those files than luarocks expects!

To list the installed packages with their versions use the command luarocks list.

MySQL

You’ll need your MySQL credentials. Get them with my_print_defaults:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ my_print_defaults client
--default-character-set=utf8mb4
--user=isabell
--password=MySuperSecretPassword
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Create a database for prosody:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ mysql -e "CREATE DATABASE ${USER}_prosody"
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Installation

Note

Check out the latest stable release on https://prosody.im/downloads/source/. We’ll set a temporary environment variable for this session to handle it more easier with the version number in the files and directories.

Download and extract the latest stable release from source into ~/var/lib/prosody/:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ VERSION=0.11.5
[isabell@stardust ~]$ wget https://prosody.im/downloads/source/prosody-$VERSION.tar.gz --directory-prefix=$HOME/var/lib/prosody
[...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ tar --extract --gzip --file=$HOME/var/lib/prosody/prosody-$VERSION.tar.gz --directory=$HOME/var/lib/prosody
[isabell@stardust ~]$ rm ~/var/lib/prosody/prosody-$VERSION.tar.gz
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Configure, build and install prosody:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ cd ~/var/lib/prosody/prosody-$VERSION
[isabell@stardust prosody-0.11.5]$ ./configure --ostype=linux --prefix=$HOME --with-lua-include=/usr/include
Lua version detected: 5.1
Lua interpreter found: /usr/bin/lua...
Checking Lua includes... lua.h found in /usr/include/lua.h
Checking if Lua header version matches that of the interpreter... yes
Writing configuration...

Installation prefix: /home/isabell
Prosody configuration directory: /home/isabell/etc/prosody
Using Lua from: /usr

Done. You can now run 'make' to build.

[isabell@stardust prosody-0.11.5]$ make
[...]
[isabell@stardust prosody-0.11.5]$ make install
[...]
[isabell@stardust prosody-0.11.5]$

Configuration

Generate SSL dhparam file

Note

This is going to take a long time! You can start configuring the server while it runs, but don’t start it yet.

To improve the security you can generate a Diffie–Hellman parameter file with openssl:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ openssl dhparam -out ~/etc/prosody/certs/dhparam-4096.pem 4096
[...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Install modules

Create the directory ~/var/lib/prosody/http_upload for the module http_upload which let clients upload files over HTTP. Additionally download the latest available community plugins:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ mkdir ~/var/lib/prosody/http_upload
[isabell@stardust ~]$ hg clone https://hg.prosody.im/prosody-modules/ ~/var/lib/prosody/prosody-modules
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Configure prosody

Then there are many settings which should be edited accordingly in ~/etc/prosody/prosody.cfg.lua. You’ll find a explaination of the config file under the example configuration file from Prosody.

Additionally I recommend the ssl ciphers and options to reach a high security score. You can check it over the IM Observatory.

Note

Make sure to adapt VirtualHost "localhost" with your domain.

Uncomment the modules mam and csi_simple. Also add / adapt the following lines in your prosody.cfg.lua:

---------- Server-wide settings ----------
admins = { "isabell@isabell.org" }
plugin_paths = { "/home/isabell/var/lib/prosody/prosody-modules" }
modules_enabled = {
  "mam"; -- Store messages in an archive and allow users to access it
  "csi_simple"; -- Simple Mobile optimizations
c2s_ports = { C2S-PORT }
s2s_secure_auth = true
s2s_ports = { S2S-PORT }
s2s_timeout = 300
ssl = {
  dhparam = "/home/isabell/etc/prosody/certs/dhparam-4096.pem";
  cafile = "/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.trust.crt";
  ciphers = "EECDH+ECDSA+AESGCM:EECDH+aRSA+AESGCM:EECDH+ECDSA+SHA384:EECDH+ECDSA+SHA256:EECDH+aRSA+SHA384:EECDH+aRSA+SHA256:EECDH:EDH+aRSA:!aNULL:!eNULL:!LOW:!3DES:!MD5:!EXP:!PSK:!SRP:!DSS:!RC4:!SEED:!AES128:!CAMELLIA128";
  options = { "no_sslv2", "no_sslv3", "no_tlsv1"; "no_ticket", "no_compression", "cipher_server_preference", "single_dh_use", "single_ecdh_use" };
}
pidfile = "/home/isabell/var/lib/prosody/prosody.pid";
daemonize = false;
storage = "sql"
sql = {
  driver = "MySQL",
  database = "isabell_prosody",
  username = "isabell",
  password = "MySuperSecretPassword",
  host = "localhost"
}
log = { info = "*console" }
certificates = "/home/isabell/etc/certificates/"
https_certificate = "/home/isabell/etc/certificates/upload.isabell.org.crt"
http_ports = { }
https_ports = { FILEUPLOAD-PORT }

----------- Virtual hosts -----------
VirtualHost "isabell.org"
Component "conference.isabell.org" "muc"
  modules_enabled = { "muc_mam", "vcard_muc" }
Component "upload.isabell.org" "http_upload"
  http_upload_file_size_limit = 10485760
  http_upload_expire_after = 2419200

Warning

Replace the placeholders C2S-PORT, S2S-PORT and FILEUPLOAD-PORT with the above obtained ports, adapt the domain-names, sql settings (inclusive username and password) and paths! Don’t delete, obmit or change the ordering of the entries, otherwise some default ports could be spammed. Also don’t active modules which including module http without changing http_ports and https_ports . Last but not least be warned that spamming the default ports which could already be in use can lead to fork-spam issues! So be careful and watch your configuration twice and look into the prosody logs afterwards to verify whats going on after starting prosody!

Setup deamon

Place the file prosody.ini in ~/etc/services.d/ and adapt it accordingly:

[program:prosody]
command=/bin/bash -c "source %(ENV_HOME)s/.bash_profile && prosody"
autostart=yes
autorestart=yes
startretries=1
stopasgroup=true
killasgroup=true
stopsignal=INT

After creating the configuration, tell supervisord to refresh its configuration and start the service:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ supervisorctl reread
SERVICE: available
[isabell@stardust ~]$ supervisorctl update
SERVICE: added process group
[isabell@stardust ~]$ supervisorctl status
SERVICE                            RUNNING   pid 26020, uptime 0:03:14
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Finishing installation

Create your first user:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ prosodyctl adduser isabell@isabell.org
Enter new password:
Retype new password:
[isabell@stardust ~]$

Updates

Note

Check the update feed regularly to stay informed about the newest version.

For updates simply repeat the steps described in the Installation part:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ VERSION=X.XX.X
[isabell@stardust ~]$ wget https://prosody.im/downloads/source/prosody-$VERSION.tar.gz --directory-prefix=$HOME/var/lib/prosody
[...]
[isabell@stardust ~]$ tar --extract --gzip --file=$HOME/var/lib/prosody/prosody-$VERSION.tar.gz --directory=$HOME/var/lib/prosody
[isabell@stardust ~]$ rm ~/var/lib/prosody/prosody-$VERSION.tar.gz
[isabell@stardust ~]$ cd ~/var/lib/prosody/prosody-$VERSION
[isabell@stardust prosody-X.XX.X]$ ./configure --ostype=linux --prefix=$HOME --with-lua-include=/usr/include
Lua version detected: 5.1
Lua interpreter found: /usr/bin/lua...
Checking Lua includes... lua.h found in /usr/include/lua.h
Checking if Lua header version matches that of the interpreter... yes
Writing configuration...

Installation prefix: /home/isabell
Prosody configuration directory: /home/isabell/etc/prosody
Using Lua from: /usr

Done. You can now run 'make' to build.

[isabell@stardust prosody-X.XX.X]$ make
[...]
[isabell@stardust prosody-X.XX.X]$ make install
[...]
[isabell@stardust prosody-X.XX.X]$ supervisorctl restart prosody
[isabell@stardust prosody-X.XX.X]$

Update the community prosody modules:

[isabell@stardust ~]$ cd ~/var/lib/prosody/prosody-modules
[isabell@stardust prosody-modules]$ hg pull --update
pulling from https://hg.prosody.im/prosody-modules/
[...]
[isabell@stardust prosody-modules]$

XMPP Clients

As a personal note I want to recommend following XMPP clients:


Tested with Prosody 0.11.5, Uberspace 7.7.1.2

Written by: Arian Malek <https://fetziverse.de>, fapsi